भारत में पर्यटन


भारत में पर्यटन / Tourism in India



भारत में पर्यटन सबसे बड़ा सेवा उद्योग है, जहां इसका राष्ट्रीय सकल घरेलू उत्पाद (GDP) में 6.23% और भारत के कुल रोज़गार में 8.78% योगदान है। भारत में वार्षिक तौर पर 5 मिलियन विदेशी पर्यटकों का आगमन और 562 मिलियन घरेलू पर्यटकों द्वारा भ्रमण परिलक्षित होता है। 2008 में भारत के पर्यटन उद्योग ने लगभग US$100 बिलियन जनित किया और 2018 तक 9.4% की वार्षिक वृद्धि दर के साथ, इसके US$275.5 बिलियन तक बढ़ने की उम्मीद है। भारत में पर्यटन के विकास और उसे बढ़ावा देने के लिए पर्यटन मंत्रालय नोडल एजेंसी है और "अतुल्य भारत" अभियान की देख-रेख करता है।

विश्व यात्रा और पर्यटन परिषद के अनुसार, भारत, सर्वाधिक 10 वर्षीय विकास क्षमता के साथ, 2009-2018 से पर्यटन का आकर्षण केंद्र बन जाएगा. यात्रा एवं पर्यटन प्रतिस्पर्धा रिपोर्ट 2007 ने भारत में पर्यटन को प्रतियोगी क़ीमतों के संदर्भ में 6वां तथा सुरक्षा व निरापदता की दृष्टि से 39वां दर्जा दिया है। होटल के कमरों की कमी के रूप में, लघु और मध्यमावधि रुकावट के बावजूद, 2007 से 2017 तक पर्यटन राजस्व में 42% उछाल की उम्मीद है।

Tourism in India is economically important and is growing rapidly. The World Travel & Tourism Council calculated that tourism generated ₹6.4 trillion (US$94 billion) or 6.6% of the nation's GDP in 2012. It supported 39.5 million jobs, 7.7% of its total employment. The sector is predicted to grow at an average annual rate of 7.9% till 2023 making India the third fastest growing tourism destination over the next decade. India has a large medical tourism sector which is expected to grow at an estimated rate of 30% annually to reach about ₹95 billion (US$1.4 billion) by 2015.

About 22.57 million tourists arrived in India in 2014, compared to 19.95 million in 2013. This ranks India as the 38th country in the world in terms of foreign tourist arrivals. Domestic tourist visits to all states and Union Territories numbered 1,036.35 million in 2012, an increase of 16.5% from 2011. In 2014, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh were the most popular states for tourists. Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai and Agra have been the four most visited cities of India by foreign tourists during the year 2011. Worldwide, Chennai is ranked 38 by the number of foreign tourists, while Mumbai is ranked at 50, Delhi at 52 and Agra at 66 and Kolkata at 99.

The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2013 ranks India 65th out of 144 countries overall. The report ranks the price competitiveness of India's tourism sector 20th out of 144 countries. It mentions that India has quite good air transport (ranked 39th), particularly given the country’s stage of development, and reasonable ground transport infrastructure (ranked 42nd). Some other aspects of its tourism infrastructure remain somewhat underdeveloped however. The nation has very few hotel rooms per capita by international comparison and low ATM penetration. The World Tourism Organization reported that India's receipts from tourism during 2012 ranked 16th in the world, and 7th among Asian and Pacific countries.

The Ministry of Tourism designs national policies for the development and promotion of tourism. In the process, the Ministry consults and collaborates with other stakeholders in the sector including various Central Ministries/agencies, state governments, Union Territories and the representatives of the private sector. Concerted efforts are being made to promote new forms of tourism such as rural, cruise, medical and eco-tourism. The Ministry also maintains the Incredible India campaign.

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